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History of Jamaican Jerk Chicken: #Throwback Black History Month Post

Hello All! How are you loving these Black History Month posts?! I bet you love them, learning so much, right! I like to give more than just basic knowledge, I like to connect it to something meaningful, and today, I am telling you that Jerk Chicken yes, Jerk Chicken was a means of survival for Africans who were enslaved in Jamaica, actually the Maroon Jamaicans who escaped from British rule. Can you imagine? We as Black people have literally survived more than any group of people, if it wasn’t already part of our culture, we created a new culture out of a means for survival, and what was once survival is enjoyment today. How many times have I eaten Jerk chicken?, especially with all the Jamaican people I knew back in the day. What people don’t know is that Jerk chicken was not always spicy, the form in which it was cooked was over a hot fire similar to how we barbeque. Makes me wonder, and I’m just going to go ahead and say it, Black people invented barbeque too! At this point we just claim it. Enjoy!


CULTURE WEDNESDAYS

History of Jerk Chicken.

I love how all the finest foods, customs, and traditions were derived from oppression, that we turned around and made victory. As Africans dispersed all over the world, we truly always had a means of survival. The history of Jerk chicken is no different, created by the Maroons of Jamaica, the slaves who escaped the British during a 1655 invasion.

The term “jerk” comes from the poking of the meat with a sharp utensil to allow the seasoning to go deep down into the meat. Traditionally, jerk was used for pork, and slow cooked over open fire pits; but now can be cooked on BBQ grills and even in the oven with a variety of meats!

The main ingredients in jerk seasoning are scotch bonnet pepper, pimento berries (allspice), and thyme. These spices are combined with scallion, onion, garlic, and other seasonings to make a marinade.

Click the video link above to watch how to make Jerk Chicken!

Enjoy Loves! ❤️

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Garifuna People of St. Vincent: #Throwback Black History Month Post

Hello All! I am looking for unique Caribbean voices focused on Black liberation or pan Africanism to contribute to this blog. I notice people from Barbados, Haiti, Jamaica, and other parts of the Caribbean read this blog daily, so if that is you, I’d love your authentic story! Check out this Throwback Black History Month post focused on the Garifuna People of St. Vincent. It is said that they settled before Columbus, read below for more! Then sign up for the last 2 classes of this go round of the Dear Black People™ Webinar Series, here!

The Garifuna people are people that reside in the island of St. Vincent in the Caribbean. The Garifunas are also known as the “Black Caribs”. The Caribs preferred living near the sea because
they relied mainly on fishing, also, living on the coast meant they could see
oncoming attackers. The Caribs life was heavily influenced by war, and they
made success in battle a key part for manhood, initiation, and respect.

Research indicates that Africans came even before Columbus
and settled in St. Vincent. The Caribs of St. Vincent were joined by Caribs
from other islands that were fleeing European attack. Through intermarriage, a
new group of African and Carib heritage developed and became known as the
“Black Caribs” or “Garifuna”.  The word “Garifuna” means
“cassava eating people.”
Eventually the Garifuna outnumbered the original inhabitants, called,
the “Yellow Caribs”, and the “Yellow Caribs” negotiated to try and shift
power from the Garifuna.

Garifuna culture closely identifies with music and
dance.  Garifuna music styles are known for being percussion heavy and their
distinctive drumming patterns, which combines the beats of primero (tenor) and
segunda (bass) drums.  Garifuna drums are
generally made from hollowed-out hardwoods such as mahogany or
mayflower.

All decisions for running the community were made by men,
therefore only men held ruling positions. The Ubutu, or War Leader, was always
a male whose position was not hereditary (or passed down); he was chosen by the
elders of his village. He had to be a good warrior, prove that he was
physically strong, brave, and highly skilled in battle. When he was chosen, he
had to carry out a raid, if the raid was successful his positioned was
permanent.

Men and women had different roles in society. Men were the
warriors, priests, leaders, builders of houses and boats, craftsmen and hunters.
The women cultivated the land, collected firewood, bartered produce, made
hammocks, participated in weaving, did household chores, and brought up the
children.

Over the years, Garifuna people migrated and established
fishing  villages in Belize, Guatemala,
Honduras and Nicaragua. Many Garifunas have migrated to the U.S.  Members of the Garifuna diaspora in the U.S.
can be found in major cities, including: Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami,
New Orleans and New York. In New York City alone, there are approximately
100,000 Garifunas residing there!

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Haitian Heritage Month: Throwback Black History Month Post

*This is corrected from the e-mail many of you all may have received. Haitian Heritage Month is in May, today’s post is a #Throwback post, the title has been corrected; enjoy!*

Hello All! In case you didn’t know, Haiti right now is displaying mass protests with tens of thousands of people protesting against dictatorship. According to this article, “protesters chanted “down with the dictatorship,” while the police responded with tear gas and rubber bullets.” Our hearts and thoughts are with Haiti right now, as literally the whole Global Black Diaspora is fighting for our lives, their fight is our fight! Did you know that the Haitian Revolution led to Haiti being the first independent Black nation in the western world? Well, we could all learn from them, and I think that during this time, we could learn from our revolutions around the world to join together, let’s not abandon Haiti during this time! Check out today’s Throwback post about Haitian Heritage Month Below!


THIS MONTH IN HISTORY

Did you know the month of May is Haitian Heritage month, but it’s celebrated in the United States? The first celebration was held in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1998. It then became popular in Palm Beach, Florida where the celebration started in 2001. Soon after, in 2005, it became a national celebration. This celebration is accompanied by parades, festivals, and fun activities in the community and schools; there are also flag raising ceremonies in select cities around the United States.

Many people know that Haiti is the first independent Black nation in the western world. The month of May represents many milestones for Haiti including Haitian Flag day, on May 18, 1803; representing the Haitian troops that fought for freedom. Jean-Jaques Dessalines, a leader in the Haitian Revolution removed the white in the French flag to represent the end of white supremacy in Haiti. Also, in Haiti, May 1st is Labor and Agricultural day; this is a day when workers, artisans and others parade and sing together, “Let’s put Shoulder against Shoulder for Haiti’s Development.” Haitian revolutionary, Toussaint L’ouverture, was born on May 20. He led thousands of former slaves into battle against French, Spanish and English forces; defeating the Europeans and seizing control of the entire island of Hispaniola.

Every year, many events are held in many cities around the United States, with parades such as the Annual Haitian American Unity Parade in Boston; the flag raising in Brooklyn; and in Miami Dade County, the hosting of several events also supported by the school board!

💜

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Bussa’s Rebellion: Throwback Black History Month Post

Hello all! Today’s #TeachMeTuesday blog post is on my laptop, and the power hasn’t been on long enough to edit and schedule it, so the time I had to send out a proper post, I sent out an update on the webinar. I have WordPress on my phone, and I have to use the data on my phone to manage today’s #Throwback Black History Month post, which is fine. As the order of the earth right now, today’s posts will be a bit out of order 🤣; I hope you don’t mind! Today’s post is about a special Igbo man who led a slave revolt to freedom in Barbados. I hate to say a slave rebellion, rebellion is a child who doesn’t listen to their parents; fighting for freedom is just that. Today’s Teach Me Tuesday blog post is about something special as it relates to Igbo enslaved Africans in the Caribbean, so here’s a write up on a particular enslaved African who led a revolt to freedom in the Caribbean. Fun fact, Igbo slaves were known for revolting the most, we were never a docile people, we’ve been fighting from 1619 until now! I’ve always wanted to visit Barbados to meet these great people; one day, one day. Enjoy the blog post below, and don’t forget, Dear Black People™ Webinar Series last 2 classes have been rescheduled to next week due to unpredictable Texas power outages. Stay safe!


THIS MONTH IN HISTORY

Barbados, a country in the Caribbean, saw the biggest slave revolt in History. Led by African born Slave, Bussa, it was the first of three large scale slave revolts in the British West Indies that caused people to doubt the effectiveness of slavery. This revolt is famously known as “Bussa’s Rebellion”. *I dislike the use of the word rebellion, because is implies that they were rebelling against something good. When I think of rebel, I think of a child who doesn’t listen, not slaves that want to be free, but that’s just me.*

Bussa is believed to be from Nigeria and of Igbo descent. He was captured and transported to Barbados in the late eighteenth century. Bussa began planning the revolt after realizing that the British parliament had no intention of freeing the slaves after slavery had already been abolished. After much planning and coordination for about a year, Bussa, along with a few other slaves that were tired of mistreatment, led the slaves into battle at Baileys Plantation on April 14, 1816. He commanded about 400 freedom fighters, both men and women whom were born in the islands. By his side were a few people worthy of being mentioned Washington Franklin, John and Nanny Grigg, a senior domestic slave, and Jackey. Nanny Griggs was a domestic or “house slave” who could read and told her followers that “the only way to obtain freedom was to fight for it.” By April 15, martial law had been declared on the entire island and was not lifted for three months. Martial law is an extreme and rare measure used to control society during war or periods of civil unrest or chaos (legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com).

Bussa’s rebellion did not succeed in freeing the Afro-Bajans, but, as mentioned before, it was the first of three slave revolts named the “Late Slave Rebellions”. The second revolt took place in Demerara (now Guyana) in 1823, and lastly, in Jamaica in 1831-32. The British government finally abolished slaveholding in 1834.

We can learn a lot from Bussa, his success did not happen overnight. He planned for one year along with like-minded people to carry out a task that would set the foundation for Carribbean slaves in the future who would use the same model. His legacy still lives on because of his tenacity to see his people be free and hold the British Parliament accountable.

According to Wikipedia:

• Bussa remains a popular figure in Barbados.
• In 1985, 169 years after his rebellion, the Emancipation Statue, created by Karl Broodhagen, was unveiled in Haggatt Hall, in the parish of St Michael.
• 1998, the Parliament named Bussa as one of the ten National Heroes of Barbados.

We should take a few notes from him and plan accordingly in all that we do! We never know who we’re laying the foundation for, victory shall be seen in this generation!