In Brazil, music is one of the most important art demonstrations and national culture, also respected internationally. Noteworthy because it goes beyond the world-famous Carnival. With the distribution of immigrants throughout the country each region of the country developed its own rhythm. Rio de Janeiro is known for the bossa nova of Tom Jobim and Vinicius de Moraes and the sambas of Noel Rosa. Pernambuco stands out for Frevo and Maracatu. In Bahia the rhythm is called Axé Music. In the South, specifically the Rio Grande do Sul is known for its Gaucho songs, played with guitar and accordion, an instrument also used in the Northeast, by interpreters of forró, maxixe and baião, popularized by Luis Gonzaga.
Carlos Gomes, Heitor Villa Lobos, Chiquinha Gonzaga, Joaquim Calado, Carmen Miranda, Noel Rosa and Ary Barroso are just some of the innumerable names and styles that make up the history of Brazilian music. The rhythms are renewed; new trends emerge, but always with the musical creativity characteristic of the country.
Some musical styles are:
Of African-Bahian origin, the rhythm descends from lundu and was used in regional parties between Umbigadas and Pernadas de Capoeira. In the early twentieth century, composers such as Ernesto Nazareth, Noel Rosa, Cartola and Donga, adopted it and withdrew it from obscurity and legitimized it in official culture.
Urban movement, originated in the late 50. At first it was just a different way of singing the samba, but soon incorporated elements of jazz with a frame based on voice and piano or guitar. Among the biggest names are Nara Leão, Carlos Lyra, João Gilberto, Vinicius de Moraes and Tom Jobim.
Genre created by mixing elements of European ballroom dancing and Portuguese popular music with African influences. Chiquinha Gonzaga was the first pianist in the genre and, in 1897, wrote Corta-Jaca, one of the greatest contributions to the repertoire of Choro. Pixinguinha, Ernesto Nazareth and Waldir Azevedo are other great names of choro in Brazil.
Tropicalism unites elements of pop culture and elite culture, and often make use of a politically engaged speech and protest against the military dictatorship. Caetano Veloso, Gilberto Gil, Gal Costa, Maria Bethânia and Os Mutantes are some of their musical representatives.
Movement basically linked to British and American rock, but in a more romantic way. Its main representatives are Roberto Carlos, Erasmo Carlos and Wanderléa.
Source: Federal Government of Brazil.
Find out more about Brazilian Culture at: http://iberoamerican-universities.universia.net/en/brazil/live/culture.html
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