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This Month in History: Zimbabwe


This is the Zimbabwean flag. Today we will learn some historical facts about Zimbabwe and focus on the positive aspects of the culture!

-On April 18, 1980, Zimbabwe won its independence with Robert Mugabe as Prime Minister and Canaan Banana as ceremonial President.

-Zimbabwe derives its name from historical stone structures called “Great Zimbabwe” (houses of stone), the largest in Africa after the pyramids of Egypt. The stone sculptures were built in stages between 800 and 1500 A.D.

-Two centuries before the Norman conquest of England, Zimbaweans were founding a great civilization, whish lasted for six hundred years. Despite difficulties of communication those days, African people developed powerful state formations, extensive administrations and sophisticated socio-economic networks. Historical evidence shows that the people had skills in agriculture, animal husbandry and metal smelting (iron, copper and gold).

-Zimbabwe has a high literacy rate! At independence, only 40% of children went to primary school, but by 1985, over 93% were attending school. Zimbabwe has one of the highest literacy rates (87%) and one of the most educated labour force. Following Zimbabwe’s independence there was also rapid expansion in secondary and tertiary education. In the health sector, government achieved a significant shift of facilities and resource allocation from urban to rural areas, and from curative to preventive health care.

-In the first ten years of independence Zimbabwe achieved phenomenal success in education, health, housing and social service sectors.

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